Waste management system is the strategy an organization uses to dispose, reduce, reuse, and prevent waste. Possible waste disposal methods are recycling, composting, incineration, landfills, bioremediation, waste to energy, and waste minimization.
Waste management reduces the effect of toxic wastes on the environment and human health. Check here the importance of waste management and its disposal.
When it comes to waste management it is very important to learn how to gain knowledge about it. As it has a big important impact on our lives and the environment. Waste management is a burning issue in the modern world. The avoidance and reduction of waste is a very important part of waste management.Waste management is important as it saves the environment from the toxic effects of inorganic and biodegradable element present in waste. Mismanagement of waste can cause water contamination, soil erosion and air contamination.
Waste can be recycled if collected and managed efficiently. Waste materials such as plastic, glass and paper can be segregated into different columns in order to process them to make new products which will save the natural resources. Moreover, when this waste is not recycled, it usually ends up in landfills or oceans posing threat to human health and marine life. In most areas of the world, sewage treatment is not done properly, leading to eutrophication and beach closures. According to World Wildlife Fund (WWF) an estimate of 8 million ton plastic ends up in oceans each year.
Waste Management’s Importance:
Food Waste which is dumped into landfills produces methane gas due to breakdown without oxygen. Methane is a greenhouse gas and even more harmful than carbon dioxide. According to Environmental Defence Fund (EDF) methane poses harm to the environment 84 times more than carbon dioxide in the first 20 years after being released. It absorbs sunlight causing an increase in global temperature.
According to an estimate in the year 2016, 1.6 billion tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions were recorded as a result of solid waste discard (WHAT A WASTE 2.0). About 50 percent of these emissions were resulted due to food waste. By the year 2050, these emissions will increase to approximately 2.4 billion tonnes of solid waste management will not improve.
Importance of Waste Management:
Waste management will not only save natural resources, biodiversity, and human life, it will also impact the economy in a positive way as there will be more jobs created for running an efficient waste management system. In developed countries waste is disposed into garbage disposal sites while in developing economies the waste usually ends up on streets and vacant areas. When this untreated waste is exposed to the air, it causes environmental hazards and also impacts the infrastructure. With the passage of time, waste management is becoming more important not just for environmental protection but also as a growing industry for an economy.
Businesses can save money by recycling the materials they produce. This would help decrease their waste disposal costs. Moreover, having knowledge about the different kinds of waste the company is creating, would make it easier for them to find waste management services according to their need and minimize their transportation costs. In addition to this, it helps environmental sustainability by minimizing emissions of greenhouse gases and preserving natural resources which in turn promotes the good image of the business. Restaurants can giveaway perishable food items to the needy instead of wasting them and causing harm to the environment.Waste Reduction
First and foremost, we should reduce waste at the source. It can be done if people minimize the waste they produce on daily basis. Knowing which product to use and how to dispose of it is extremely important. When visiting a restaurant, order as much food as you can eat rather than wasting it.
Reutilization of Waste
Some products can be used several times after being bought. Items can be used for the same purpose again or can be reused for different means. For example, we can donate our books and clothes to the needy for reuse or can redesign our clothes to wear again and give them a new look.
Recycling facilities can process the waste and make it useful for further use. Biodegradable waste such as food, paper, or wood can be decomposed organically to make manure or fertilizers for plants.
It is the least preferred way of waste management. In this method combustion of non-recyclable waste is done, which results in a decreased amount of solid waste which is to be ended in landfills. This process aids in producing renewable energy along with minimizing carbon dioxide. In addition to this, methane release can be minimized which is produced through waste disposal in landfills.
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